Prepositions

Prepositions are words that introduce information to the reader. This information can include where something takes place (such as 'at' the store), when or why something takes place (such as 'before' dinner) or general descriptive information (the tree 'with' big leaves).

 

About Der barê, E mil, Le mil
Above Ban 
After Düya, Dima 
Around Dewr u wer 
As  Çü, Cûr, Fen, Lêwa, Asa, Asay, Baz, Enehû, Wek, Wêne, Wegine
At  Le
Because of  Erê ye, Çunke, We bûne, Ese, Çün, Le des ..., Le ser ..., Le ban ... 
Before  Berce, Werce, Jeywer, Werîn
Behind Pişt, Pişti ser
Beneath Le jîr
Between Nawnü, Naw beyn, Nawan, Tekelû 
But Imca, Inca, BeLam
By We 
Circa Nizîkî, Dewri gird, iLayet, 
Down Xwar, Hwar, War
During Hen hen, Keran
Far from Dür le 
For Erê
From Le, De, Je, Ej, We, Elê, Ve 
In Naw
In front of Le nûwa, Le werawer 
In place of Le/We catî, Le/we cî, Sing, Ewcî 
Inside Le naw, Derün
Instead of Le/We catî, Le/We cî, Sing, Ewcî 
Like Çü, Cûr, Fen, Lêwa, Asa, Asay, Baz, Enehû, Wek, Wêne, Wegine
Minus  Minha, Kem 
Near  Nizîk, Dem, Dü, Qere 
Next to  Le şan 
Of  Le, De, Je, Ej, We, Elê, Ve
On  Le, De, Je, Ej, We, Elê, Ve 
Opposite  Dij, Diş, Zit, Zêz, Doceyl
Out  Der
Outside  Le der
Over  Le ban, Le jüyer, Le rü
Past  Ewsa, Awsa, Dürîne, Guzeyşte, Parîn, Qeyme, Wiyerde, Zü, Züne
Plus  Cem, Kû 
Prior to  Werc le, Berc le 
Than (comparing) ... Le/De/Je 
Till  Ta
To  Ta
Toward  Werew, Erê, Rü we, Serew, Sû  
Under  Jêr 
Underneath  Le jêr 
Until  Ta, Heta, Şera, Tenanet
Up  Ban, Ser 
Via  Le rê, We rê 
With  Wel 
Within  Le naw 
Without  Bî, Bidûn 

 

Negation

I understand you Me efamimed / Me elid efamim
I don't understand you Me nafamimed / Me elid nafamim
Leave me Bîlem e cî
Don't leave me Neylem e cî
I speak English Me Ingilîzî rê ewem
I don't speak English Me Ingilîzî rê nawem
I can Etwanim / Me etwanim
I can't Natwanim / Me natwanim

 

Questions

How? Çün?, Seçe?, Wez?
What? Çe?
Who? Kî?, Kam kes?
Why? Era?, Era çe?, Erê çe?, Ji çe?, Le çe?, Le ban çe?
Where? Kam la?, Kûra?, Kû?
When? Kê?, Key? 

 

Questions in sentences

How is this possible? Ye çün edê?
What are you doing? Tu çe ekeyd?
Who is she? We ye?
Why are you here? Era hayde îra?
Where are you? Hayde ?
When do they come? Wane eyen?

 

Adverbs

Here Îra, Îla, Îkan, Îçe, Êrda, Îrdane, îdes
There Ûra, Ûla, Ûkan, Ûdes, Ewrda
Everywhere Gişt cî, Her cî, Her kû, Her şûn, Gi cî
Somewhere Cîyig, Şûnig
Inside Le naw, Derün
In Naw
Out Der
Outside Le der
Now Yeme, Îse, Êre, Êrenge, Îske
First Yekim, SerguL
Last Axirîn, Dima, Düya
Early
Yesterday Düyeke
Two days ago Pêreke
Three days ago Pes pêreke
Today Imrûj
Tomorrow
Tonight Imşew
Last night Düyeşew
Two nights ago Pêreşew
Three nights ago Pes pêreşew
Later Düyaxir, Düyagil, Düyakil
Never Hergiz, Ebed, Heray her, Bûrray bûrr
Monthly Mangane
Always Hemîşe, Her car, Her gil, Dayim, Dayim u qayim, EzeL, Her dem
This year ImsaL
The year before Pareke
Two years ago Pêrar
Three years ago Pes pêrar
Very Fire, Firye
Only Bes, Her, He
Enough Bese